Can We Live On Mars Ever ?
We all have heard about mission on mars, life found on mars, manned missions on mars and several other mars missions. But can humans actually live on mars? Can we successfully colonize this planet? Human needs vary from food, clothing, shelter, various other luxurious needs and many more. So the question is if we are thinking of life on Mars or if there is a possibility to live on mars; can we actually survive there and will all our needs be sufficed on mars.
Mars is known as a red planet. It is quiet similar to earth with flowing rivers and lakes. Even a day on mars is of 24 hours and 37 minutes. But is this similarity enough to survive on mars. Well, only this similarities would not help us to live on mars. So let’s actually look at what would it take to survive on this dead red planet.
Can We Live On Mars ?
First let’s start with the good news, mars has plenty of water. At the northern and southern poles there is 5 million cubic kilometers of water frozen into ice caps. If these frozen ice caps were melted down the entire planet would be covered with an ocean of 35 meters deep. Now another problem is what you would breathe on this planet. Mars is almost entirely made up of carbon dioxide. But we humans need oxygen to breathe. So here the water melted could actually help us to solve this problem. Using the electricity generated, we could actually split hydrogen and oxygen and create an environment where humans could breathe.
Now to survive in an environment, we have solved the two main problems of air and water. The next challenge is food. Scientists have found that plants could be grown on mars as there is enough light for them to grow. But the only problem is for non-vegetarians. They would have to shift their diet to become vegetarians.
Although solving this problems won’t be enough to survive on mars. The shortest distance from earth to mars is 55 million kilometers. And sometimes the two planets are on opposite sides of the sun. So if you are planning to get something from earth it would not be easy and would cost you too much. Even the time taken would be too much as sending a spacecraft from earth to mars can only be send every 26 months.
But living on mars also has some threats which could not be good for our bodies to survive. The cosmic radiation, gravity which is less than what is on earth could lead to various risks for humans to survive on earth. Although the risks could also be avoided due to the various technological advancements.
So what we understand is it is very difficult to colonize mars, but it is not impossible. So we could actually live on mars but it would take a lot of time to meet up all the human needs and make a risk free environment on mars where humans could survive.